Ancient greek pyramids

In Greece, there are now 16 catalogued pyramids. Though some may be natural, others—like the Hellinikon pyramid near the village of Argolis—are clearly man-made structures. Intriguingly, one thermo-luminescence test by the Academy of Athens has dated the structure to 2720 BC, contemporaneous with the Egyptian pyramid age. Though pyramidal in shape, the Greek structures do not enthral like the Egyptian pyramids, which dwarf them in size.

Yes, the ancient Greeks had their pyramids, too, only they had a very practical purpose: They were water-catchers. They had learned that piles of porous rocks could, in desert climes, capture and condense surprisingly large quantities of water. Take, for example, the 13 pyramids of loose limestone rocks that the Greeks constructed some 2500 years ago at Theodosia in the Crimea:


"The pyramids averaged nearly 40 feet high and were placed on hills around the city. As wind moved air through the heaps of stone, the day's cycle of rising and falling temperatures caused moisture to condense, run down, and feed a network of clay pipes.

"One archaeologist calculated a water flow of 14,400 gallons per pyramid per day, based on the size of the clay pipes leading from each device."

(Dietrich, Bill; "Water from Stones: Greeks Found a Way," Arizona Republic, p. AA1, December 22, 1991. Cr. T.W. Colvin.) From Science Frontiers #80, MAR-APR 1992. © 1992-2000 William R. Corliss

 9 pyramids found in the Greek territory

 the pyramids of Ancient Greece, which occur mainly in the Peloponnese (except the 2 findings in Voiotia and Crete). Indeed, how astonishing it is to discover that the Greeks, hence the ancient Peloponnesians, constitute the first peoples in history who have ever constructed these miracles of art, architecture and science! 


When excavations were made around the Greek pyramids in the early 1900s, pottery fragments from the 4th Century B.C. were found, and it was presumed that the pyramids were also constructed at that time; that is, about the time of Alexander the Great. Recent dating of crystals from internal surfaces of the limestone blocks using thermoluminescence puts the construction times back two millennia. The Hellinikon pyramid dates to 2730 B.C.; the Ligourio, to 2260 B.C. This means that the Greek pyramids were built in roughly the same time frame as the Egyptian pyramids.

Why would the ancient Greeks want to build miniature pyramids? The classical scholar Pausanias wrote in the 2nd century A.D. that the Hellinikon pyramid was a cenotaph for the dead fallen in a fratricidal battle 4,000 years ago. Nobody believed his story until now. (text from


The Ligourion pyramid is found in north-western Peloponnese, near the village of Ligourion, at the base of Mount Arachnaeum, not far from the site of ancient Epidaurus. Unfortunately it has almost totally disappeared, with its blocks being a handy source of masonry for the locals. Some of the sandstone blocks were used to construct the walls of a nearby church.  Originally, its base measured 14 by 12 metres and using the method of thermoluminescence it has been dated to roughly 2100 B.C.

Chania /Crete

This pyramid is located in the south of the Chania area, Crete, at an altitude of 290 m above sea level.  It is roughly 8.5 metres high with a circumference of 29 metres.  The interior of the cone has a chamber, carved out of the solid rock, of approximately  2.2 by 2.1 by 1.4 metres.


coordinates: 36°57'12''N/22°21'2''E

is the highest peak in southern Greece with 2.407m. Old legend tell that it was the 1st pyramid ever built on earth. There is a big question mark over whether this rock structure is manmade or a natural occurrence.  Visitors have described how the texture of the rock surface suddenly becomes smooth, relative to that below, where the pyramid shape begins.

The highest peak of the mountain has the shape of a pyramid. Some researchers are convinced that this structure, found on one of the peaks of mount Taygetus, was carved by the hand of man, in remote antiquity, to form this pyramid shape. Others, however, believe that this is nothing but a natural rock formation. No erosion mechanism has been suggested (to date) which could create this shape naturally. Particularly curious are the strange shadows cast at dawn and sunset. It is said that in ancient years, Spartans built a temple of Apollo at the peak. A church of the prophet Elias can be found at the same place.


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